One of the most interesting game mechanics in Minecraft that can really boost your ability to survive is potion making or brewing. With so many different potions and ingredients available, the possibilities of outwitting even the toughest of enemies with the right potions are endless. However, the abundance of options can also be a bit overwhelming for someone only starting to get into the art of brewing for the very first time. Trust us: once you have the basics listed here down you'll be able to recall recipes off the top of your head like it's nothing at all.
10 Craft A Brewing Stand
The first step to any brewing operation is of course having the brewing stand itself. In order to craft this bad boy you'll need to have access to the Nether realm of Minecraft, and find yourself a Nether Fortress. There, you'll come across fire-spewing monsters known as Blazes, and once killed they'll drop Blaze Rods. You only need one Blaze Rod and three pieces of cobblestone to make your brewing stand, but make sure to stock up on those rods because they'll also act as fuel for your brewing stand.
9 Get Fuel & Bottles
Once you have your brewing stand ready, you'll want to transform any Blaze Rods you have into Blaze Powder by simply placing them into the crafting panel. The powder is then placed into the fuel slot of the brewing stand and will be used progressively for about 20 potions per powder.
You'll also need glass bottles, which require three blocks of glass each, smelted from sand. Fill your glass bottles with water before you place them in the three respective slots of the brewing stand.
8 Base Potion: Awkward Potion
The basic foundation of most potions in Minecraft is the Awkward Potion, which is made by placing one Nether Wart into the ingredient slot of the brewing stand. Nether Wart is also found in Nether Fortresses, usually grown nearby stairs on top of Soul Sand. Once you have a bunch gathered you can set up your own farm back in the Overworld, but make sure you have enough Sould Sand to grow your Nether Warts on as they will be crucial for your potion making.
7 Extend Effect: Redstone
For each potion there are primary ingredients which determine the main effect of the potion and modifiers, which determine the length and strength of the potion's effects.
Redstone dust is used as a modifier which extends the length of a certain effect, so it's good to keep some handy just in case you'd like to extend your potions' effects to their maximum time.
6 Raise Level: Glowstone
Similarly to Redstone, Glowstone dust is used to amplify the effect of whatever potion it's added into. Glowstone is found randomly in the Nether realm, usually in clusters hugging the wall or the ceiling, making it difficult to harvest at times. Make sure to always keep a bit on hand in case you'd like to prepare a level II potion for one of your adventures, and also make sure you have it in dust form, as Glowstone blocks won't do you much service.
5 Splash, Lingering & Negative Potions
There are also three other minor modifiers you can apply to your potions. Gunpowder, if added to any potion, will turn it from a regular bottle into a Splash Potion, which means it needs to be thrown on the target to have an effect.
A Fermented Spider Eye will always turn the potion into a negative version of itself. And finally, if you've managed to defeat the Ender Dragon and gathered some of its breath into a bottle, you can use that breath to create a Lingering effect to your potion.
4 Swiftness, Leaping, Healing
Now that we've covered modifiers and the base ingredients, let's look at the primary ingredients. Each of these ingredients introduce a certain effect to the potion. The Glistering Melon, made from a melon slice surrounded by eight gold nuggets, is used to create a healing potion. Sugar, harvested from sugar cane, is used to create a potion of swiftness. The Rabbit Foot, gained very rarely by killing a rabbit, will make a potion of Leaping.
3 Poison, Water Breathing, Fire Resistance
Magma Cream is made when Slime and Blaze Powder is combined, or when a Magma Cube is killed in the Nether realm. It can be used to make a fire resistance potion. Blow fish can be found in almost any body of water in wild and captured with a bucket or by fishing, and will make a potion of water breathing.
As for the spider eye, most spiders will drop an eye or string or even both, and it can be used to make a potion of poisoning.
2 Night Vision, Strength, Regeneration
A Ghast tear can be gained after killing a Ghast in the Nether realm, although not all Ghasts will drop one. It can be used to make a potion of regeneration. The golden carrot is made by placing nine gold nuggets around a regular carrot, which can be usually found grown in villages or village chests. It's used to make a night vision potion. Blaze Powder, as mentioned, is transformed from Blaze Rods, which can be acquired in the Nether Realm after killing a Blaze inside a Nether Fortress. It's used as fuel for the brewing stand, but can also be used to make a potion of Strength.
1 Turtle Master, Slow Falling
The final two potions are slightly special and require somewhat rare items. The turtle shell is sometimes dropped by a turtle when killed by the player, and can create the Potion of the Turtle Master that has both negative and positive effects: it will slow down the player but increase the natural armor. The Phantom Membrane is only dropped by phantoms, which will spawn at night if the player hasn't slept for over three nights. Once used in brewing, they make a potion of slow falling, which allows you to float rather than fall straight down and take damage.